Monday, September 15, 2014

Using ArcPy to Determine the Underlying Database

Sometime you need to you what the underlying database is because you do not know what the database is.  I know it sounds strange, but it does happen.  I created a small script to solve this problem.

import arcpy
def checkDBType(dbPathOrConnectionFile):
    """ checks the db to get the database type """

    if dbPathOrConnectionFile.lower().endswith(".mdb"):
        return "PGDB"
    elif dbPathOrConnectionFile.lower().endswith(".gdb"):
        return "FGDB"
    elif dbPathOrConnectionFile.lower().endswith(".sde"):
        queries = {
            "Informix" : """select first 1 dbinfo("version", "full") from systables;""",
            "MSSQLServer" : """SELECT @@VERSION""",
            "Oracle" : """select * from v$version""",
            "PostGreSQL" : """select version()::varchar(255);"""
        fail = True
        conn = arcpy.ArcSDESQLExecute(dbPathOrConnectionFile)
        for k,v in queries.iteritems():
                conn = arcpy.ArcSDESQLExecute(dbPathOrConnectionFile)
                return k
    return "Unknown"
Basically script just a tries the SQL snippet and it it works, then that is the database you are using. To run the sql statement, you use the arcpy.ArcSDESQLExecute()'s connection object which has a function called execute().

The results seem to be promising, but I didn't have an Informix DB to test this on. So if you have one, please let me know if that statement will work! Oracle, SQL Server and PostGreSQL all work well.